An organizational chart is a graphical representation of the structure of an organization in the form of a diagram that presents the relationships between each element. They are also referred to as organograms. It is also utilized to represent other bodies like a discipline, language, or sector.
Organization charts show the relationships between their elements. They are typically used to show the distribution and hierarchy of an organization. They make those relationships clear, however, these charts are limited by scope. They can only be used for small sets of data, and the depth of that information is limited; for example, you cannot show other qualities of relationships between elements besides organizational rank.
Organizational charts are also limited by how quickly they expire. This may not be an issue in a small organization, but in larger organizations; these charts are often incorrect by the time they reach their intended audience. There is always a certain amount of lag in communication when the network of people is large. It is also hard to circulate accurate charts in organizations which have a hierarchy and composition that is dictated by many factors: personnel needed for certain projects, personnel tasked out temporarily, creation of new departments, elimination of departments, contracted workers, new hires, transfers, seasonal workers, and much more.
Organograms are also effective in describing other bodies, like a discipline. Over the last fifty years, many disciplines have rapidly developed and expanded. This instrument is one of many tools used to organize and define those new areas.
The most common organizational chart is similar to a flowchart. It utilizes rectangles and line segments to identify things, like officers and departments, and the relationships between them. Elements which are lower in rank appear towards the bottom. Components are identified within the rectangles and their child components are connected with line segments.